Adrenals are two triangular-shaped glands that sit on top of the kidneys and are approximately 1.5 inches wide and 3 inches long. They are made up of two parts; the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla. The adrenal cortex is the outer part of the gland and produces hormones that are vital to life such as cortisol which helps regulate metabolism and helps the body respond to stress and aldosterone which helps regulate the blood pressure. The adrenal medulla is the inner part of the gland and produces adrenaline, also known as epinephrine, which is the hormone that helps the body spring into action in response to stressful situations by increasing heart rate, rushing blood to muscles and the brain and spiking blood sugar by helping convert glycogen to glucose in the liver. Norepinephrine, also known as noradrenaline, works with epinephrine in responding to stress causing the narrowing of blood vessels which can, over time, result in high blood pressure.
Corticosteroid hormones balance stress response, energy flow, body temperature, water balance, and other essential processes. The adrenal cortex produces two main groups of them - the glucocorticoids and the mineralocorticoids which chemically control some of the most basic actions necessary to protect, nourish, and maintain the body. Glucocorticoids include hydrocortisone, commonly known as cortisol which regulates how the body converts fats, proteins, and carbohydrates to energy and helps regulate blood pressure and cardiovascular function. It also includes corticosterone which is the hormone that works with hydrocortisone to regulate immune response and suppress inflammatory reactions
If stress is causing your cortisol levels to be elevated, this anti-inflammatory effect becomes too strong. This effectively stops your immune system from working properly and this weakened state can last as long as whatever is causing the stress. Without a properly functioning immune system, you become vulnerable to disease. When the adrenals become fatigued they struggle to release the necessary amount of hormones causing the immune system to over-react to pathogens resulting in chronic inflammation, auto-immune diseases and decreased strength, focus and awareness.
As you can see, the adrenal glands play a large role within the endocrine system by regulating and maintaining many of our vital internal processes. Adrenal Fatigue is now being referred to as the Syndrome of the 21st Century by many holistic physicians and therapists despite the fact that the scientific community largely refuses to acknowledge its existence. This is interesting when you consider that it is now widely recognized even within the scientific community that most, if not all, chronic dis-ease expressions have inflammation as an underlying antecedent which is a hallmark symptom of adrenal fatigue. The following is a list of symptoms which are strong indicators that your adrenals may be fatigued:
- Difficulty falling asleep
- Difficulty waking up
- Require a stimulant like coffee to wake up and get going
- Experience afternoon lows between 2 and 4pm; increased energy around 6pm;
evening lows between 9 an10; followed by a second wind around 11pm
- Easily stressed
- Weight gain; difficulty losing weight
- Auto-immune issues
- Low thyroid functioning
- High blood pressure
- Low blood sugar
- Crave salty and/or sweet foods
- Nighttime snacking
- Muscle and joint pain
- Digestive issues
- Inability to relax
- Foggy thought processes; inability to maintain mental focus
Stress is a specific response by the body to a stimulus, such as fear or pain that disturbs or interferes with normal physiological equilibrium. It can be physical, mental or emotional; chronic or acute. We now live in a very busy world in which we are exposed to 24-hour mainstream and social media coverage of violent, stressful, painful, and fearful stimulus. In addition, lifestyle stressors such as lack of sleep, poor diet, use of stimulants, striving for perfectionism, ‘pushing through’ a project or a day despite being tired, staying in unhappy relationships, and working every day in a stressful environment all contribute to impaired adrenal function. Our physical bodies are just not hard-wired to withstand such chronic interference and still be able to maintain normal equilibrium despite social conditioning that tells us that our value and worth increases with how much we do. The concept of just ‘being’ is extremely counter-intuitive and de-valued in our society.
Effective treatment for Adrenal Fatigue includes a combination of a healthy diet, minerals, vitamins, amino acids, herbal support, exercise, and proper sleep:
- Organic, high quality proteins
- Organic vegetables and fruit
- Omega 3 fatty acids manage inflammation and minimize the loop that feeds into higher cortisol production.
- Mineral sea salt added to food and water
- Vitamin C which mitigates high cortisol response while inducing an anti-inflammatory response.
- Vitamin B Complex; all B vitamins are critical for the entire adrenal cascade while Vitamin B5 is especially
important in helping to restore the adrenal glands.
- Magnesium is essential to the production of the enzymes and energy necessary for the adrenal cascade.
- Liquid adrenal support by Herb Pharm strengthens and restores the adrenals and includes Eleuthero Root,
Licorice Root, Sarsaparilla Root, Oat Milky Seed, and Prickly Ash Bark
- Free Form Amino Acid Complex provides all of the necessary 'building blocks' for the production of body proteins;
has a broad application for both mental and physical functions; supports hormone, enzyme and antibody formation;
supports healthy nervous system function.
- DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone) is a hormone that comes from the adrenal gland as well as the brain and is
responsible for the production of androgens and estrogens; it begins to decrease after the age of 30; evidence
suggests that DHEA may help treat depression, obesity, and osteoporosis.
- L-Theanine is a calming amino acid that works by increasing GABA which increases a sense of well-being.
- L-5-HTP is a naturally occurring amino acid that converts to Serotonin and Melatonin.
In addition to making dietary and supplemental changes, lifestyle changes are usually required to rebalance the brain and the body long-term. This is a subject that is often explored in many of my therapy sessions with clients. If one truly desires to enhance their over-all sense of well-being, then every arena in one’s life needs to be excavated and explored. Toxic and stressful relationships including one’s work environment are just as debilitating to the mind and body as a poor diet. A lack of self-care and a tendency to overextend ourselves is a reflection of how little we value ourselves and is always being informed by our imprinting and conditioning. The road to recovery from all things physical, mental, and emotional requires a re-orientation on the subject of self-care. Learning that self-care is an expression of self-love and being able to practice it, is a critical part of everyone’s healing journey.